By Allison Hurley
- Youngest son of Francis and Sarah Buchanan Preston, born November 20, 1812 in Abingdon, Virginia.
- Graduated from the University of Virginia, where he later became a professor and member of the Board of Visitors.
- One of three professors who met Generals Philip Sheridan and George Custer at UVA and protected the University from major damage.
- Wrote two books towards the end of his life, one about his maternal grandmother and the other about the history of Southwest Virginia.
For a prestigious family such as the Prestons of Virginia, preserving family history is of great importance. Thomas Lewis Preston played a central role in writing down the traditions and history of the Preston family, alongside general knowledge of the area. This knowledge was compiled in his book Historical Sketches and Reminiscences of an Octogenarian, which he is most well known for.
Thomas Lewis Preston was born in Abingdon, Virginia on November 20, 1812 to Francis Preston and Sarah Buchanan Campbell. He was their youngest son and the younger brother to future politicians William Campbell Preston and John Smith Preston. He was a student at the University of Virginia from 1830 to 1833, where he studied law. He was a member of the prestigious Jefferson Society, where he developed the strong oratory skills that he was greatly known for. He was also elected the military teacher for the school while a student. After graduation he spent several years abroad in Europe and the Holy Lands, where he learned a great deal about the people and culture of those countries. He married twice, first to Elizabeth Watts, a distant cousin, and later to Anna Maria Saunders. He had no children, but adopted his wife’s two nieces after the Civil War.
Preston inherited the family salt works on the banks of the Holston River. He was the last person in the family to hold the Preston salt works company after being given both his brothers’ shares after their mother’s passing. Despite holding on to the salt works company for over a decade he was unable to succeed in the business, nor was he particularly enamored with the works. In 1862, he sold both the works and the John Montgomery Preston House, which had been built by his brother-in-law.
Along with his involvement with the family salt works, Preston was involved in politics and served on the boards of many different Virginia universities. During the 1850s, he held positions in the Virginia General Assembly for two non-consecutive terms. Together with his brother-in-law John B. Floyd, Thomas Lewis Preston used his oratory skills to keep members of the Know-Nothing Party out of Congress. Around the same time, he served on the boards of at least four schools: Emory and Henry College, the now defunct Martha Washington College, the Virginia Military Institute, and the University of Virginia. In fact, Thomas Lewis was one of the drivers for opening Martha Washington College. He was briefly the president of the college’s Board of Trustees. Yet by 1862, Thomas Lewis left behind his life in southwestern Virginia to move to Albemarle County, where he became an important member of the community.
In 1861, war broke out across the nation, tearing it into two. Preston was a slaveholder and held sympathetic views to his home state of Virginia. Thus it was natural that he would decide to enlist as a soldier in the Confederacy after Virginia seceded from the Union in April 1861. At the time he was 47 years old, which was above the typical age for a person’s first military service. He served as part of the staff under his kinsman General Joseph E. Johnston and was praised by General Stonewall Jackson for his effort during the first Battle of Bull Run. He was also praised by the Secretary of War, Judah P. Benjamin.
However, after one year of service the war department of Virginia decommissioned him as a general. Subsequently, Preston focused on his role as Rector for the University of Virginia’s Board of Visitors, which was the position he held during the 1864-1865 school year. It was during this time period that Union Generals Philip Sheridan and George Custer made their way to the University. Along with two other professors, Preston was able to keep the University from receiving any major damage during the Union Occupation of the University of Virginia, though several of his slaves fled with the Union army.
Toward the end of his life, Preston published two books. One of them focused on the life of his maternal grandmother, Elizabeth Campbell Russell, and the other was about the history and settlement of Southwestern Virginia. Both volumes were designed to preserve valuable material for future historians.
Thomas Lewis Preston died in March of 1903 and was buried in the University of Virginia Cemetery and Columbarium. He lived through the transformative nineteenth century, through the transition from slavery to Civil War and Reconstruction. Throughout these changes, he had a reputation as being a charismatic gentleman of the highest caliber. He was a deeply religious man and invited both his relatives and some of the most distinguished persons from the South into his home. While he may not be the most accomplished of the Prestons, he was greatly respected by his family and peers and lived a long, varied, and eventful life.
 Philip Alexander Bruce, History of the University of Virginia, 1819-1919 (New York, 1919), v. 2, p. 124.
 Joseph Pierro, The Maryland Campaign of September 1862 (New York: Routledge, 2008), 22.
Dorman, John F. The Prestons of Smithfield and Greenfield in Virginia: Descendants of John and Elizabeth (Patton) Preston Through Five Generations. Louisville, KY: Filson Club, 1982.
Barringer, Paul B., and James Mercer Garnett. University of Virginia: Its History, Influence, Equipment and Characteristics, with Biographical Sketches and Portraits of Founders, Benefactors, Officers and Alumni. Vol. 1. New York: Lewis, 1904.
Preston, Thomas L. Historical Sketches and Reminiscences of an Octogenarian. Richmond, Va.: Pub. for the Author by B.F. Johnson Pubishing, 1900.
About the project
This page was created as part of an undergraduate research seminar taught in the Virginia Tech History Department by Professor Paul Quigley in Fall 2015. Follow the link to return to the course homepage: The Preston Family: Civil War Experiences.